The History of Devil

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The second camp is mitigated dualism, which considers Lucifer to be a son of God, and a brother to Christ.

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To explain this they used the parable of the prodigal son, with Christ as the good soon, and Lucifer as the son that strayed into evilness. The Catholic Church responded to dualism in AD in the Fourth Lateran Council, saying that God created everything from nothing, and the devil was good when he was created, but he made himself bad by his own free will.

In Manichaeism , God and the devil are two unrelated principles. God created good and inhabits the realm of light, while the devil also called the prince of darkness [51] [52] created evil and inhabits the kingdom of darkness. The existing came into existence, when the kingdom of darkness assaulted the kingdom of light and mingled with the spiritual world. Hegemonius 4th century AD accuses that the Persian prophet Mani , founder of the Manichaean sect in the 3rd century AD, identified Jehovah as "the devil god which created the world" [55] and said that "he who spoke with Moses, the Jews, and the priests … is the [Prince] of Darkness, … not the god of truth.

In Islam, the principle of evil is expressed by two terms referring to the same entity: [56] [57] [58] Shaitan meaning astray , distant or devil and Iblis. Iblis is the proper name of the devil representing the characteristics of evil. When God created Adam , he ordered the angels to prostrate themselves before him.

All did, but Iblis refused and claimed to be superior to Adam out of pride. In Islam, both good and evil are ultimately created by God.

But since God's will is good, the evil in the world must be part of God's plan. Evil and suffering are regarded as a test or a chance to proof confidence in God. He successfully passed the test, yet his disobedience caused his punishment and therefore suffering. However, he stays patient and is rewarded in the end.

Muslims held that the pre-Islamic jinn , tutelary deities , became subject under Islam to the judgment of God, and that those who did not submit to the law of God are demons. Like in Christianity, Iblis was once a pious creature of God, but later cast out of Heaven, due to his pride.

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However, to maintain God's absolute sovereignty, [64] Islam adopts the line taken by Irenaeus, instead of the later Christian consensus, that the devil did not rebel against God, but against humanity. On the other hand, Shaitan refers unilaterally to forces of evil, including the devil Iblis, then he causes mischief. Furthermore, the principle of Shaitan is in many ways a symbol of spiritual impurity, representing humans' own deficits, in contrast to a " true Muslim ", who is free from anger, lust and other devilish desires. In contrast to Occidental philosophy , the Sufi idea of seeing "Many as One" and considering the creation in their essence as the Absolute, leads to the idea of the dissolution of any dualism between the ego substance and the "external" substinantial objects.

The rebellion against God, mentioned in the Quran, takes place on the level of the psyche , that must be trained and disciplined for its union with the spirit that is pure. Since psyche drives the body, flesh is not the obstacle to human, but an unawarness that allowed the impulsive forces to cause rebellion against God on the level of the psyche.

Yet, it is not a dualism between body, psyche and spirit, since the spirit embraces both psyche and corperal aspects of human. Therefore it is recommanded, to use the term I as rare as possible.

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It is only God who has the right to say "I", since it is only God who is self-subsistent. Uttering "I" is therefore a way to compare oneselves to God, regarded as shirk. Salafi strands of Islam commonly emphasize a dualistic worldview between the believers and the unbelievers, [73] with the devil as the enemy of God's path. Even though the devil will be finally defeated by God, he is a serious and dangerous opponent of humans. The devil is regarded as an omnipresent entity, permanently inciting humans into sin, but can be pushed away by remembering the name God.

Human beings are seen to have free will , and are thus able to turn towards God and develop spiritual qualities or turn away from God and become immersed in their self-centered desires.


Those who follow their lower nature are also described as followers of "the Evil One". In some traditions, divinities can become demons. The Teutonic gods demonized the Giants.

In some religions and traditions, these titles are separate demons; others identify these names as guises of the devil. Even when thought of as individual demons, some are often thought of being under the devil's direct control. This identifies only those thought of as the devil; List of demons has a more general listing. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Devil disambiguation. This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. This article possibly contains original research.

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article possibly contains synthesis of material which does not verifiably mention or relate to the main topic. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Main articles: Angra Mainyu and Dualistic cosmology. Devils, Demons and Witchcraft.

Ernst Lehner.

Elaine Pagels. Damned: An Illustrated History of the Devil. Robert Muchembled. Richard Cavendish. About the Author A pioneer in the promotion of interfaith dialogue, Paul Carus was a renowned writer on philosophy and comparative religion and a major influence in introducing Westerners to Buddhism and other Eastern concepts.

The History of the Devil

Read more. Start reading The History of the Devil on your Kindle in under a minute. Don't have a Kindle? Share your thoughts with other customers. Write a customer review. Showing of 8 reviews. Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Format: Paperback Verified Purchase. I'm still reading this book but so far it has lots of information that I feel any person interested in this topic will enjoy. If you're looking to find out where all these devil myths came from, this is the book to buy. It is an amazing encyclopedia of historical knowledge.

The work of Paul Carus goes beyond the expectations. It proves that all religions came from myths and they are nothing but man made stuff used to create fear in the minds of men. I strongly challenge you to read it. Excellent illustrations and very detailed book. Easy to read. Format: Kindle Edition Verified Purchase. I found this work disappointing, or perhaps I was misled by the title.

Although Carus is clearly well-read in all the major religious traditions, this book is not a work of scholarship, as the title suggests. Angels are real beings, Christ described their power. You trying to twist more deeper with David fusnote. Who is Satan? A good question!